How you choose to sleep is personal, and if you choose to co-sleep, there are a few things you need to know in order to co-sleep safely. I feel that parents really need to ask themselves a few questions before they make the decision to co-sleep, even if it’s just for a couple days so that they can get some sleep.
First, you need to be clear about your intention. Why are you co-sleeping? And how long? Do you just want to co-sleep for a few months or years? Or are you utilizing co-sleeping as a backup for those desperate moments before you and your baby are ready for sleep coaching. Regardless of your reasons, it is essential to co-sleep safely.
Explore Alternatives to Co-Sleeping
I would encourage you to explore alternative options to bedsharing, as well. Consider a BabyBay bedside sleeper, a Baby Bjorn Cradle, or a crib next to the bed. These are safe, middle-of-the-road options. Neither a co-sleeper nor crib pose a suffocation hazard, and you still have the benefit of keeping your baby close to you if you do not want to bed share.
Is Your Mattress Safe for Co-Sleeping?
If you do make the decision to co-sleep, consider this: have you ever looked at the difference between a crib mattress and an adult mattress? Most people probably don’t give it a second thought, but pillow tops, feathers, extra soft…these aren’t options you’ll find available when you’re choose a crib mattress, but they are quite common in adult beds in the United States. In countries where co-sleeping is common practice, these fluffy options are not the norm. Be sure to evaluate your mattress for these safety features before making your decision.
Co-Sleeping Must Be a Family Decision
This may seem like an obvious statement, but it’s very important if there are two parents, both parents want to co-sleep. When you share your bed with an infant or toddler, adults must be responsible adults and caring parents. It’s a shared responsibility to make sure that your baby is co-sleeping safely.
I suggest that you sit down as a family and discuss what co-sleeping really means. I’ve spoken to families where one parent adamantly wants to co-sleep and the other does not. This can cause significant marital distress, and is not a happy, healthy environment for your baby.
So please, should you make the choice to co-sleep, be sure that everyone is on board. Talk about any changes that need to happen, and how it will affect everyone. Talk about the fact that co-sleeping may be a long-term commitment, one that will continue until your baby is ready to move into their own bed. Discuss what happens if you have more children. You also need to agree to be equally responsible while you sleep, and create your safe co-sleeping area as a family.
Is There a Safe Way to Co-Sleep?
The sleep surface (a.k.a. your bed) should be firm, without extra pillows, stuffed animals, heavy blankets, feather beds, extremely soft pillow tops, or other suffocation hazards. Take a long look at your bed, and think of it like you would a crib. Does your mattress have a pillow top? Do you sleep on a feather bed? A waterbed? Do you have a bulky comforter? Infants should always sleep on their backs, with just a tightly-fitted sheet and nothing else.
Other areas to inspect are the headboard and footboard. Make sure that there aren’t any openings or holes that baby could fit through or become trapped in. Ensure that your mattress fits snugly into the frame. If there is space, your baby could fall and become trapped. Where the mattress is not snug, consider completely filling the gaps or remove the bed from the frame and place it on the floor away from the wall. If that’s not an option, then consider a co-sleeper, which is essentially a bassinet that fits snugly against your mattress, or even a crib next to the bed where baby is safe and secure.
Don’t forget to take a look at where you bed is located. Is it near lamps, curtains, drapes, blinds, or cords? These all post risk of strangulation, and should not be near your baby. If these items are an issue, simply move your bed to a location away from the offending items. Once you’ve figured out where to put the bed, it’s time to figure out where your baby should sleep.
Baby Sleeps by Mom
Where baby sleeps in your bed is important. Mom — especially breastfeeding moms — generally spend more time in lighter sleep stages, which means that she is more aware of baby. If you are worried about having enough space, consider utilizing an approved bed extender or side rail to keep baby safe.
A fun fact: Did you know that moms also tend to sleep in a protective position, with knees curled under baby? This helps prevent any scooting down under the blankets, which brings me to my next point.
Layer Your Clothes
Did you know that babies sleep best between 60 and 64 degrees Fahrenheit (15 to 17 C)? That may seem a bit chilly to your or me, but it won’t to your infant. Infants sleep best with a lightweight cover, or none at all.
If you need more blankets, consider investing in some silk long underwear, flannel pajamas, fuzzy socks, or even a nice warm sweat suit. You can always add and remove layers to adjust to the temperature. You may even want to consider putting your baby into a sleep sack to avoid blankets altogether if you’re worried that your baby won’t be warm enough. And finally…
Please, Go to Bed Sober
Obvious, yes, but I feel the need to say it. Be sure that when you go to bed with your baby you haven’t been drinking or taking medication. Reaction times become slowed when a person is impaired, and anything that impairs your natural abilities could cause you to roll onto the baby or not be aware of them.
Co-sleeping can be a wonderful bonding experience for the family. If you, your partner and child(ren) sleep soundly at night, enjoy the co-sleeping experience, safely. If you are reactively co-sleeping — bringing your baby to bed without any planning — you may want to explore some other gentle sleep options, or even move the baby into a crib next to your bed. Remember, your sleeping arrangements are ultimately about everyone getting a good, restful night’s sleep, while also maintaining safety for your baby.
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